David Element

 

Wildlife Photography and Digital Video Images

 

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Bugs 48 Horned Treehoppers

 

 

 

A insect on a flower

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HORNED TREEHOPPER Centrotus cornutus

 

A insect on a flower

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HORNED TREEHOPPER Centrotus cornutus

 

A green insect on a leaf

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HORNED TREEHOPPER Centrotus cornutus

 

A close up of an animal

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HORNED TREEHOPPER Centrotus cornutus

 

A picture containing animal, sitting, bird, outdoor

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HORNED TREEHOPPER Centrotus cornutus

 

A close up of an animal

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HORNED TREEHOPPER Centrotus cornutus

 

A picture containing animal, sitting, bird, outdoor

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HORNED TREEHOPPER Centrotus cornutus, BLACK ANT Lasius sp.

 

A close up of a green leaf

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HORNED TREEHOPPER Centrotus cornutus, RED ANT Myrmica sabuleti

 

         The Horned Treehopper Centrotus cornutus is easily recognisable because of the two very realistic rose thorn-like projections on the pronotum. However, because this homopteran plant bug uses its camouflage very effectively to help it disappear against a background of tree bark it may not be easy to find. These photographs include strong evidence of ant-association (myrmecophily) with at least two different species of ants, the red ant Myrmeca sabuleti (a species equipped with a sting) and a black ant (presumed Lasius sp.) that it has not been possible to identify unequivocally from the photographs. Note that M. sabuleti also has well-studied symbiotic associations with the larvae of certain species of Lycaenid (Blue) butterflies. Such relationships between ants and other insects are usually mutually beneficial. The bug is likely to have converted some of its food into a sugary secretion that the ants can feed on and in return for this energy-supply the ants may afford protection against predatory insects.

 

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David Element